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Difference between H-Beam and I-Beam

Difference between H-Beam and I-Beam

When it comes to structural beams, there are two main types: H-beams and I-beams. Although they may look similar, there are several key differences between them.

What is H-Beam?

An H-beam, also sometimes called an I-beam, is a type of structural steel beam with a rectangular cross-section. The term “H-beam” is derived from the fact that its cross-section looks like a capital letter H when rotated 90 degrees. It is a strong beam that is often used in construction and engineering applications.

H-beams can be made from a variety of materials, including wood, steel, and concrete. When choosing an H-beam, it is important to consider the material’s strength, weight, and resistance to corrosion. For some applications, it may also be important to consider the beam’s ability to absorb vibrations or resist shock loads.

What is I-Beam?

An I-beam, also known as an H-beam or W-beam, is a type of structural steel beam that is characterized by its shape. The beam typically has two flanges that extend from the web, forming an “I” shape. I-beams are commonly used in construction and engineering, especially for building foundations and frameworks.

I-beams are typically made from hot-rolled steel, which makes them strong and durable. When choosing an I-beam, it is important to consider the load-bearing capacity as well as the dimensions of the beam. I-beams are available in a variety of sizes and can be custom cut to meet the specific needs of your project.

Difference between H-Beam and I-Beam

H-beams are widely used in the construction industry and are available in a variety of standard sizes. H-beams may be used both as beams and as columns. I-beams are also commonly used in construction and are available in various sizes. However, I-beams are only used as beams, and cannot be used as columns.

The main difference between H-beams and I-beams is their shape: H-beams have a wide flange that makes them ideal for use as beams, while I-beams have a narrower flange that makes them better suited for use as columns. In addition, H-beams are typically much heavier than I-beams, making them better suited for use in structural applications.


The terms “H-beam” and “I-beam” are often used interchangeably, but there is a difference. An H-beam is thicker than an I-beam and can hold more weight. I-beams are lighter and thinner, making them ideal for construction projects where weight is a concern.
Applications: Both beams have a variety of applications in both the residential and commercial sectors. Some of the most common uses include framing walls, floors, ceilings, and roofs.
Which One to Choose: When it comes time to choose an H or I-beam for your project, consider the overall design and what will be its primary function.

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