Difference between Gymnosperm and Angiosperm

 Gymnosperm vs. Angiosperm

What is Difference between Gymnosperm and Angiosperm? Plants and flowers are not only beautiful but also interesting; but in spite of all this there are still many things that we do not know about them. If you like botany or you are looking for a little more information about what is the difference between angiosperm and gymnosperm, and then continue reading, because this post is all about the gymnosperm and angiosperm.

Difference between Gymnosperm and Angiosperm


Also known as flowering plants are those plants whose seeds are found in the ovaries (usually fruits). The life cycle of these plants is seasonal, that is, it depends on each of the seasons of the year. They die in autumn and are reborn in the spring.

On the other hand, the tissue of the angiosperms is triploid, which means that the endosperm occurs during a triple fusion.

In this case, the reproductive system is present in flowers, which can be unisexual or bisexual. The leaves of this type of plants are flat and the wood is hard. A large number of plants with these characteristics are used as food, but also to create medicines and in the manufacture of clothing. Some examples of angiosperms are: lilies, orchids, agave, some roses, and sunflowers.


In this case, the seeds are not enclosed in the fruit, but appear “naked” on the leaves, scales or as cones. As for the life cycle, unlike angiosperms, gymnosperms are not seasonal plants but perennials. Tissue cells are haploid (the endosperm occurs before fertilization) and the reproductive system is unisexual and cones (not flowers).

The leaves of the gymnosperms are not flat, but scaled or pointed. The wood is not hard, but soft; and in most cases is used to make paper and other things. Some examples of gymnosperms are: spruce, pine and spruce.

Key Differences between Gymnosperms and Angiosperms

  • The angiosperms present their seeds embedded in the fruits, while the gymnosperms show their seeds.
  • Instead of flowers, gymnosperms usually have cones.
  • The leaves of the angiosperms are flat, while those of the gymnosperms are often pointed or scaled.
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