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Difference between Growth and Development in Economics

In economics, there is a big difference between growth and development. Growth is simply an increase in the size of something, while development means that something has become better in some way. Many people use these words interchangeably, but they really have different meanings. Let’s take a closer look at each one.

What is Growth in Economics?

Growth economics is a relatively new field that focuses on the study of economic growth and development. Growth economists seek to understand why some economies grow faster than others and what policies can promote sustained economic growth.

While growth economics draws on insights from many different disciplines, including history, sociology, and political science, its core focus is on understanding the underlying economic forces that drive long-term economic growth.

Growth economics has also been increasingly concerned with understanding the sources of inequality and poverty, as well as the challenges posed by climate change and other environmental problems. Ultimately, growth economics strives to provide policy advice that can help promote strong and sustainable economic growth.

What is Development in Economics?

Development economics is a branch of economics that focuses on improving the economic well-being of developing countries. Development economists study a wide range of topics, including health care, education, infrastructure, and Poverty alleviation. Development economics is also concerned with the impact of international trade and investment on developing economies. In recent years, development economics has increasingly focused on the role of the private sector in promoting economic growth. Development economists typically work in government, research institutions, or international organizations such as the World Bank.

Difference between Growth and Development in Economics

Growth and development are terms that are often used interchangeably, but they actually refer to two different concepts.

  • Growth is a measure of the increase in output or productivity over time. It can be measured by looking at factors such as gross domestic product (GDP) or per capita income.
  • Development, on the other hand, is a measure of improvements in living standards. It takes into account factors such as life expectancy, literacy rates, and access to healthcare.
  • While growth is important for economic development, it is not the only factor. For instance, a country may have high economic growth but low levels of human development if its citizens do not have access to basic services such as education and healthcare.

Similarly, a country may have low levels of economic growth but high levels of human development if its citizens have a long life expectancy and high literacy rates. In conclusion, growth and development are two different concepts that are both important for understanding the economy.


Growth and development are two important concepts in economics. In this blog post, we’ve looked at the difference between the two terms and how they impact economic growth.

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