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Difference between Government and Politics

Difference between Government and Politics

Government and politics are two words that are often used interchangeably, but they actually have different meanings. The government refers to the institution or system that is in charge of running a country or state. Politics, on the other hand, refers to the way in which people interact with the government and each other to make decisions. In essence, the government is about structures and politics is about relationships. This distinction is important to understand because it can help us better understand how our country works (or doesn’t work).

What is Government?

The government refers to the system by which a country is governed. It is typically made up of three main branches: the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. The executive branch is responsible for carrying out the laws of the country, while the legislature makes those laws. The judiciary interprets the laws and adjudicates disputes. The government also often includes sub-national units, such as states or provinces. Different countries have different systems of government, but all governments are meant to serve the people who live within their borders. The government provides order and stability, and it also protects citizens’ rights. It is an essential part of any society.

What is Politics?

Politics is the study of power and the distribution of resources within a society. It encompasses both the formal institutions of government, such as legislatures and executive agencies, and the informal relationships between people, organizations, and interest groups. Politics is a complex and ever-changing field, and those who study it must be prepared to analyze a wide range of data and perspectives. At its heart, politics is about understanding how people interact with each other and make decisions about the allocation of scarce resources. Whether you are interested in local politics or global affairs, a career in politics can be both exciting and rewarding.

Difference between Government and Politics

Government and politics are two terms that are often used interchangeably. However, there is a distinct difference between the two concepts. The government refers to the institutions and structures through which a society is governed. This includes institutions such as the legislative, executive, and judiciary branches of government. Politics, on the other hand, refers to the process by which decisions are made within a government. In other words, politics is the way in which power is exercised within a government. While government and politics are closely intertwined, they are not the same thing. Government is the institution while politics is the process.


The difference between government and politics is an important distinction to make. It’s especially relevant when trying to understand the inner workings of a system or how it functions. In the United States, we have a federal government with three branches- executive, legislative, and judicial. Each has its own specific role in our society. Politics on the other hand refers to the interactions between people (or groups of people) as they try to gain power or influence over decisions that will affect them. It can be at any level- local, state, national, or international. We hope this article provides some clarity on the topic and gives you a better understanding of how politics work in relation to government.

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