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Difference between Futures and Forwards

Difference between Futures and Forwards

In finance, there are two main types of contracts: futures and forwards. While these contracts may appear similar at first glance, there are some distinct differences between them. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at these two contract types and discuss the pros and cons of each. By understanding the difference between futures and forwards, you’ll be able to make more informed decisions when trading derivatives. Stay tuned!

What is Futures?

Futures is an investment vehicle that allows investors to speculate on the future price of an underlying asset. Futures contracts are standardized, meaning that they have a specified expiration date, quality, and quantity of the underlying asset. Futures are traded on exchanges, and the prices are set by market forces. Futures contracts can be used to hedge against price risk, or they can be held for speculative purposes. Futures can be used to trade a wide variety of assets, including commodities, currencies, stock indexes, and interest rates. Futures trading is a popular way to speculate on the direction of the markets. Futures contracts are typically traded by professional investors, such as hedge funds and institutional traders. Retail investors can also trade futures through some online brokerages. Futures trading is risky and is not suitable for all investors. Before trading futures, it is important to understand the risks involved and to consult with a financial advisor.

What is Forwards?

Forwards contracts are agreements between two parties to buy or sell an asset at a specified price at a later date. Forwards contracts are not standardized like futures contracts, and they are not traded on an exchange. Instead, they are privately negotiated between two parties. The terms of the contract, including the price and delivery date, are agreed upon by the two parties at the time of the agreement. Forwards contracts are used to hedge against future price movements in the underlying asset. For example, if a company expects the price of gold to rise in the future, it may enter into a forwards contract to buy gold at a fixed price at a later date. Forwards contracts can be used for other Assets such as currencies, bonds, and commodities.

Difference between Futures and Forwards

Futures contracts and forward contracts are both types of derivatives that are used for hedging purposes. A future contract is an agreement to buy or sell an asset at a future date, at a price that is agreed upon today. A forward contract is similar, except that it is not traded on an exchange. Futures contracts are standardized, whereas forwards are not. Futures contracts are also settled daily, whereas forwards can be settled at any time up until the expiration date. Futures contracts are therefore more liquid than forwards. Finally, futures contracts involve margin payments, whereas forwards do not. For these reasons, futures contracts are generally considered to be riskier than forwards.


The difference between futures and forwards contracts is an important distinction to understand as you enter the world of commodities trading. Futures contracts obligate the buyer to purchase a set quantity of a commodity at a predetermined price on a specific date in the future, while forwards contracts are agreements between two parties to trade a certain amount of a commodity at a fixed price at some point in the future. When deciding which contract is right for you, it’s important to consider factors such as liquidity and delivery dates.

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