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Difference between Fungi and Plants

Difference between Fungi and Plants

It is easy to confuse fungi and plants. The two kingdoms are both eukaryotic, meaning that their cells have a nucleus enclosed within a membrane. They also share some common characteristics, such as the ability to carry out photosynthesis. However, there are several important differences between fungi and plants.

What is Fungi?

Fungi are a diverse group of organisms that can be found in nearly every corner of the globe. These fascinating creatures play an important role in many ecosystems, yet they are often overlooked. Many people think of fungi as being similar to plants, but they actually belong to their own separate kingdom. Fungi come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, and they can reproduce both sexually and asexually. While some types of fungi are harmless, others can cause serious illnesses in humans and animals. Fungi are constantly evolving and adapting to their environments, making them one of the most fascinating groups of organisms in the world.

What is Plant?

A plant is any multicellular eukaryote that produces its own food through photosynthesis and has cell walls made of cellulose. Plants are the primary producers in most terrestrial ecosystems, meaning that they provide food and shelter for other organisms. In addition to their role in the food chain, plants also play an important role in the water cycle and the carbon cycle. Most plants are autotrophs, meaning that they can create their own food from simple inorganic compounds. However, some plants are heterotrophs and rely on other organisms for food. Plants have a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, and they can be found in almost every corner of the globe. As one of the cornerstones of life on Earth, plants play a vital role in maintaining the planet’s ecosystems.

Difference between Fungi and Plants

Fungi and plants are both members of the kingdom Plantae, but they differ in several key ways. For one, fungi lack chlorophyll, the pigment that allows plants to convert sunlight into energy. This means that fungi cannot produce their own food and must instead obtain nutrients from other sources. In addition, fungi reproduce through spores rather than seeds, and their cell walls are made of chitin rather than cellulose. Finally, while most plants are mobile during their early lives, fungi are sedentary throughout their lives. These distinct characteristics set fungi apart from plants and account for the different roles they play in the ecosystem.


Fungi and plants are both eukaryotes, but there are some stark differences between the two. For one, fungi lack chloroplasts and photosynthesis cannot occur in fungal cells. Fungi also have cell walls that are made of chitin instead of cellulose like plants do. The biggest difference between fungi and plants is their mode of nutrition. Plants get their energy from photosynthesis while fungi get their energy from the absorption of organic molecules from dead or decaying matter.

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