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Difference between FPO and IPO

Difference between FPO and IPO

FPO and IPO are two very different types of stock offerings. An FPO is a type of initial public offering, or IPO, in which a company’s shares are sold to institutional investors. An IPO is when a company first offers its shares to the public. A company will typically go through an FPO when it is too small to meet the listing requirements for an IPO on one of the large stock exchanges, such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or Nasdaq. Shares offered in an FPO are typically not advertised to retail investors.

What is FPO?

FPO follow-up public offering is an opportunity for a company to raise more money from the public by selling additional shares. It usually happens when a company’s stock price has increased since its initial public offering (IPO), making it more attractive to investors. FPOs can also be used to sell new shares that were not part of the original IPO. This can be done to raise money for expansion or to pay off debt. FPOs are typically less risky for investors than IPOs because the company has already proven itself to the public markets. As a result, FPOs can be a good way for companies to raise additional capital without having to go through the costly and time-consuming process of an IPO.

What is IPO?

Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company usually are sold to institutional investors that in turn, sell to the general public, on a securities exchange, for the first time. Through this process, a privately held company transforms into a public company. Initial public offerings can be used:
– To raise new equity capital for companies
– To monetize the investments of early private investors such as business angels and venture capitalists
– To enable easy trading of existing holdings or future capital raising by becoming publicly traded enterprises.
The IPO process begins with the hiring of an investment bank to underwrite the offer and arrange for sale of the securities. The bank evaluates the company’s readiness and viability for going public and determines an initial price range for the shares. Private company employees, major shareholders, and venture capitalists may also attempt to sell some of their holdings after the IPO.[8] After the registration statement is filed, potential investors begin conducting due diligence on the firm (i.e., checking legal filings, evaluating management), which continues up until the IPO date set by underwriters. The exact timing of an IPO is determined by market conditions and other factors such as industry cycles.[9] IPOs occur more commonly during strong economic periods. They also tend to occur when companies roll out new products or enter new markets.[citation needed] Firms going through an IPO often hire additional staff (underwriters, lawyers) to deal with the complex regulatory environment and the immense amount of paperwork involved in an IPO.

Difference between FPO and IPO

FPO stands for follow-on public offering, while IPO refers to an initial public offering. FPO is when a company raises additional capital by selling new shares, while IPO is when a company first sells shares to the public. FPO usually happens when a company has been doing well and wants to raise additional funds for expansion, while IPO usually happens when a company is starting out and needs to raise initial funds. FPO is typically done by larger, more established companies, while IPO is typically done by smaller, newer companies. FPOs tend to be less risky than IPOs, but they also tend to have lower returns. IPOs tend to be riskier but also have the potential for greater returns. When considering an investment, it is important to weigh the risks and rewards of both FPOs and IPOs before making a decision.


The terms FPO and IPO can be confusing for business owners, but it is important to understand the difference. An FPO is a way for a company to offer shares of its stock to the public without registering with the SEC. This process usually happens when a company has been in operation for a while and has a proven track record. An IPO, on the other hand, is when a company offers its shares to the public for the first time. It is important to consult with an attorney or financial advisor to determine which option is best for your company.

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