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Difference between FMLA and ADA

Difference between FMLA and ADA

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) are both federal laws that provide employees with certain protections. These laws have different purposes, and understanding the differences between them is important for employees who may need to take advantage of their benefits. In this blog post, we’ll outline the key points of each law and discuss some of the scenarios in which they might apply.

What is FMLA?

  • The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a federal law that provides eligible employees with up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave per year for certain qualifying events.
  • FMLA leave can be used for the employee’s own serious health condition, the birth or adoption of a child, or to care for a close family member with a serious health condition.
  • FMLA leave is also available to eligible employees who need to take time off to care for a covered service member with a serious injury or illness. To be eligible for FMLA leave, an employee must have worked for their employer for at least 12 months and must have logged at least 1,250 hours of service during that time.

What is ADA?

ADA is the Americans with Disabilities Act, a federal civil rights law that was enacted in 1990. The ADA prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in all areas of public life, including employment, education, transportation, and access to public services. The ADA also establishes requirements for making public facilities and products accessible to people with disabilities. The ADA is enforced by the U.S. Department of Justice, and private individuals can also file lawsuits under the ADA. The ADA has had a profound impact on the lives of people with disabilities, and it continues to be an important tool for ensuring equality and inclusion.

Difference between FMLA and ADA

FMLA and ADA are two common laws that often come into conflict with each other. The FMLA applies to all employers with 50 or more employees, while the ADA only applies to employers with 15 or more employees.

  • The FMLA provides up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for certain medical reasons, while the ADA provides reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities.
  • One major difference between the two laws is that the FMLA requires an employee to have worked for the employer for at least 12 months before taking leave, while the ADA does not have this requirement.
  • Another difference is that the FMLA only covers serious health conditions, while the ADA covers any condition that significantly impairs an individual’s ability to perform essential job functions. As a result, it is important for employers to be familiar with both laws in order to ensure compliance.


The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) are both important pieces of legislation that offer workplace protections to employees. However, there are some key differences between these two laws. The FMLA offers up to 12 weeks of job-protected leave for qualifying reasons such as illness or caring for a family member, while the ADA prohibits discrimination against employees with disabilities in all aspects of employment.

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