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Difference between First Angle Projection and Third Angle Projection

Difference between First Angle Projection and Third Angle Projection

Are you a professional engineer or design student who wants to stay ahead of the learning curve when it comes to creating accurate technical drawings? If so, then having an understanding of different projection methods is essential. In this blog post, we’ll discuss the difference between first-angle projection and third-angle projection—two common ways used for representing objects in two-dimensional drawings. You’ll come away with a basic grasp of how these projections differ and why choosing one over the other could be beneficial in certain contexts. So without further ado, let’s dive into first-angle vs third angle projection!

What is First Angle Projection?

  • First Angle Projection is a rendering method in which multi-view drawings are generated of 3-dimensional objects. First Angle Projection was one of the first methods used to draw and document projects but has since become largely obsolete due to advancements in computer-assisted design.
  • First Angle Projection involves projecting the views from multiple imaginary viewers, usually located at the corners of a cube encompassing the object, onto a single plane for easier viewing. This projection method gives a general idea about an object’s size and shape, as well as its relationship with other objects.
  • First Angle Projection is also useful for creating animations or images of movement from 3D models, as it provides different angles on an object at once which can be animated or represented causally.

What is Third Angle Projection?

Third Angle Projection is a type of orthographic projection that is widely used in technical drawing and mechanical engineering. It shows all visible features of an object from three different angles: front, top, and right.

  • Third Angle Projection relies upon the principle of viewing an object as if seen from its outer side and reversed on the sheet of paper before drawing its details.
  • Third Angle Projection allows readers to infer more precisely the spatial relationship between various elements of the object and can be easily comprehended by engineers, designers, illustrators, builders, and others working across multiple disciplines.
  • Third Angle Projection represents a direct link between 3D visualization and remote communication which makes it invaluable as a tool for conveying visual information accurately.

Difference between First Angle Projection and Third Angle Projection

First Angle Projection and Third Angle Projection are two methods of representing three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface.

  • First Angle Projection is commonly used in Europe while Third Angle Projection is typically preferred in the North American market.
  • First Angle Projection utilizes the front view, top view, and side view of an object and depicts them all on the same plane facing the viewer.
  • In contrast, the Third Angle Projection starts with two views facing away from the viewer; a front view followed by a top view. This method is effective for viewing how components fit together across multiple sections.

First Angle has a lot of overlap compared to the Third Angle which offers more distinct visibility when comparing multilayered objects or assemblies. The appropriate method to use will depend on preferences or industry regulations.


If so, you’ll know that there are two main types of projection drawings- first-angle projection and third-angle projection. In this blog post, we’ve outlined the difference between these two types of projections, as well as when it’s best to use each one.

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