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Difference between Financial Crisis and Economic Crisis

Difference between Financial Crisis and Economic Crisis

A financial crisis is a situation when financial institutions or assets are threatened with collapse. This can be caused by a variety of factors such as housing prices crashing, high levels of debt, or banking system failures. An economic crisis, on the other hand, is a broader term that refers to a period of time when the economy slows down and unemployment rises. There can be many causes for an economic crisis, such as a stock market crash, recession, or inflation.

What is Financial Crisis?

The term financial crisis is used to describe a wide variety of situations in which the financial system of a country is under stress. This can be caused by a number of factors, including a sudden drop in the value of assets, a run on the banks, or a period of high inflation. In some cases, a financial crisis can lead to an economic recession, which can have far-reaching implications for businesses and individuals. Financial crises are often unpredictable and can be difficult to manage. For this reason, it is important for businesses and individuals to be aware of the potential risks and have a plan in place to deal with them.

What is Economic Crisis?

An economic crisis is a sharp decrease in economic activity. Crises are generally characterized by a sharp drop in output or activity, a rise in unemployment, and a rapid increase in prices.

  • There are three general types of economic crises: financial crises, demand-side crises, and supply-side crises. Financial crises are typically triggered by a sudden loss of confidence in the banking system or a sharp increase in borrowing costs.
  • Demand-side crises are usually caused by a sudden decrease in consumer spending or investment. Supply-side crises can be caused by a number of factors, including natural disasters, declines in productivity, or increases in input costs.
  • Whatever the cause, an economic crisis can have serious consequences for businesses and households alike. Policymakers must carefully choose their response in order to minimize the damage and ensure a quick recovery.

Difference between Financial Crisis and Economic Crisis

  • When most people think of an economic crisis, they envision a period of high unemployment, widespread poverty, and dwindling resources. However, it is important to understand that not all economic crises are alike.
  • In fact, there are two distinct types of economic crises: financial crises and real economic crises. A financial crisis occurs when there is a sudden loss of confidence in the financial system. This can happen due to a number of factors, including a banking panic or a stock market crash.
  • When a financial crisis occurs, it can quickly lead to a real economic crisis as businesses cut back on production and consumers pull back on spending. A real economic crisis, on the other hand, is a period of sustained high unemployment and low economic growth. While a financial crisis can trigger a real economic crisis, the two are not necessarily the same thing.


The main difference between a financial crisis and an economic crisis is that a financial crisis is typically caused by something in the financial sector, such as banks or insurance companies, while an economic crisis can be caused by things in the financial sector but also by things outside of it, like changes in consumer demand. A financial crisis happens when there is a run on the bank, meaning people are trying to pull their money out at once, which can lead to bankruptcy. An economic crisis can happen even if people aren’t withdrawing their money from banks.

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