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Difference between Fiction and Literature

Difference between Fiction and Literature

When most people think of the written word, they think of fiction. Books like Harry Potter and The Hunger Games come to mind. These stories are imagined by the author and told in a way that is meant to entertain readers. However, there is another type of writing called literature. This genre includes books like To Kill a Mockingbird and The Catcher in the Rye. While both types of writing can be enjoyable, there are some key differences between fiction and literature.

What is Fiction?

Fiction is a genre of writing that typically deals with imaginative and skilled storytelling. In order to qualify as fiction, a story must be primarily based on ideas, not on historical events or factual information. This means that fiction can include elements of both reality and fantasy, as long as the overall story is not constrained by the need to adhere to real-world details.

As a result, fiction offers writers a great deal of freedom to explore creative ideas and worlds that would otherwise be impossible to experience. Additionally, fiction often allows writers to address complex issues and themes in a way that is meaningful and impactful. For all of these reasons, fiction remains one of the most popular genres of writing today.

What is Literature?

Literature can be defined as any work of fiction or non-fiction that is considered to be worthy of literary merit. This can include anything from novels and plays to poems and essays. Literature is often seen as an art form, and it can be used to express ideas, tell stories, or simply entertain readers.

Literature can also be used to provide insight into the human condition, offering a window into the thoughts and emotions of its characters. As such, literature has the power to educate, enlighten, and even inspire its readers. Whether you are looking for a new story to escape into or a thought-provoking read, literature has something to offer everyone.

Difference between Fiction and Literature

  • Fiction and literature are two genres of written works. Though there are similarities between the two, there are also some key differences.
  • One key difference between fiction and literature is their respective purposes. Fiction is primarily written for entertainment purposes, while literature is written to educate or inform the reader. This is not to say that all fiction is entertaining or that all literature is educational, but rather that this tendency exists in each genre.
  • Another key difference between fiction and literature is their treatment of reality. Fiction often contains made-up or embellished stories, while literature usually sticks to factual information. This again is not always the case – there is such a thing as historical fiction, for example – but it is a general trend.
  • So, while fiction and literature both involve writing, they are different genres with different purposes. Understanding these differences can help you choose which type of writing you prefer.


Fiction and literature are two different things, but they are often confused. The purpose of fiction is to entertain, while the purpose of literature is to educate or inform. Fiction is based on imagination, while literature uses factual information. Fiction can be made up of any genre, including romance, mystery, and science fiction, while literary works usually focus on a particular topic or theme. We hope this article has helped you understand the difference between these two terms and clarified their meanings for you.

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