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Difference between European Union and European Commission

Difference between European Union and European Commission

The European Union (EU) and the European Commission (EC) are two different entities with different roles and responsibilities in relation to the EU. The EU is made up of 28 member countries, while the EC is the executive branch of the EU and has a staff of 32,000 people. The EC is responsible for proposing new legislation and managing day-to-day operations of the EU, while member countries retain control over their own domestic policies.

What is European Union?

The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU has a single market and a customs union.

  • It also has a currency, the euro, which is used by 19 of its member states. The EU has three main institutions: the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the European Council.
  • The European Parliament is the directly elected legislative body of the EU; the European Commission is the executive body of the EU, and the European Council is the institution that sets the overall political direction of the EU.
  • The European Union is founded on the principles of democracy, rule of law, human rights, and respect for diversity.

What is European Commission?

The European Commission is an executive branch of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, enforcing European Union law, and representing the European Union internationally. The European Commission is composed of 28 Commissioners, one from each European Union Member State. The Commissioners are appointed by their respective governments and serve for a five-year term. The President of the European Commission is elected by the European Parliament. The current President is Jean-Claude Juncker. The European Commission’s headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium.

Difference between European Union and European Commission

The European Union (EU) is an economic and political partnership between 27 European countries. It began after World War II to promote peace, security, and economic cooperation. The European Commission is the executive body of the EU. It is responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding EU treaties, and managing the day-to-day business of the EU. Members of the Commission are nominated by their governments and approved by the European Parliament. The European Commission has a college of 28 Commissioners, one from each EU country. The President of the Commission is Jean-Claude Juncker. The current commissioners are:
– Valdis Dombrovskis
– Jyrki Katainen
– Cecilia Malmström
– Neelie Kroes
– Günther Oettinger
– Tonio Borg
– Alojz Peterle
– Miroslav Lajčák
– Andris Piebalgs etc.

Conclusion

The European Union and the European Commission are two separate entities that have different functions. The EU is a group of 28 member countries, while the Commission is the executive branch of the EU. The Commission has five main roles: proposing legislation, implementing decisions, managing programs, monitoring compliance with treaties, and representing the EU abroad.

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