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Difference between ERP and MRP

Difference between ERP and MRP

ERP and MRP are two different types of supply chain management systems. ERP is a more comprehensive system that integrates all aspects of the business, while MRP is focused on production and inventory. Each system has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to understand which one will work best for your company.

What is ERP?

  • ERP is software that enables the efficient management of business processes. ERP systems are designed to integrate all aspects of a company’s operations, including finance, manufacturing, sales, and human resources.
  • ERP systems provide a centralized database that can be accessed by all employees, allowing for greater transparency and collaboration.
  • ERP systems can also offer real-time insights into company performance, helping to identify areas of improvement. Perhaps most importantly, ERP systems can help to streamline business processes, saving time and money. For these reasons, ERP has become an essential tool for businesses of all sizes.

What is MRP?

  • MRP is an acronym for Material Requirements Planning. It is a manufacturing planning and inventory control system that calculates the quantities of raw materials needed to produce a set of products. MRP begins with a master schedule that lists the production quantities for each product.
  • The MRP system then calculates the raw materials needed to meet the production schedule. MRP systems take into account the lead time necessary to procure and receive raw materials, as well as any minimum order quantities or lot sizes.
  • MRP systems are typically used in manufacturing environments where products are assembled from a set of component parts. MRP can help organizations optimize their inventory levels and reduce the overall cost of production.

Difference between ERP and MRP

ERP stands for enterprise resource planning. ERP systems are used by organizations to manage and integrate a wide range of business processes, from finance and accounting to manufacturing and data management.

  • ERP systems typically include modules for managing customer relationship management (CRM), supply chain management (SCM), human resources (HR), and e-commerce. ERP systems are designed to provide a holistic view of an organization’s business operations.
  • MRP, on the other hand, stands for manufacturing resource planning. MRP systems are used by organizations to manage and optimize their manufacturing processes.
  • MRP systems typically include modules for managing production planning, capacity planning, material requirements planning, and inventory management.

MRP systems are designed to provide a comprehensive view of an organization’s manufacturing operations. Unlike ERP systems, which focus on all aspects of an organization’s business operations, MRP systems focus exclusively on manufacturing.


ERP and MRP are two different types of software that can help businesses manage their operations, but they serve different purposes. ERP is designed to help companies with financial planning and execution, while MRP helps manufacturers plan and execute production schedules.

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