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Difference between Educational Psychology and School Psychology

Difference between Educational Psychology and School Psychology

Educational psychology and school psychology are both fields of psychology, but they have different focuses. Educational psychology is the study of how people learn in educational settings, while school psychology is the study of how psychological issues affect students’ academic performance and overall well-being. Both fields are important for helping educators and administrators understand how to best help students learn and thrive in the classroom setting. However, there are some key differences between these two branches of psychology that should be noted.

What is Educational Psychology?

Educational Psychology is the scientific study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations. It encompasses research on a wide variety of topics including cognition, developmental psychopathology, motivation, emotion, achievement, attention, sociocultural influences on learning, and instructional design. Educational psychologists work in a variety of settings, including elementary and secondary schools, universities, hospitals, and private businesses. They may also be involved in policy development and implementation, program evaluation, and professional development for educators. Educational psychologists are uniquely positioned to contribute to our understanding of how to improve education for all learners.

What is School Psychology?

School psychology is a relatively new field that focuses on helping students succeed academically, socially, and emotionally. School psychologists work with students of all ages, from preschoolers to high schoolers, to identify difficulties and develop plans to address them. School psychologists also work with teachers and administrators to create positive learning environments and to implement educational programs that are research-based and proven to be effective. In addition, school psychologists collaborate with parents to support their children’s development and learning. Ultimately, the goal of school psychology is to promote the academic, social, and emotional success of all students.

Difference between Educational Psychology and School Psychology

Educational Psychology and School Psychology are two closely related fields, but there are some important differences between them. Educational Psychology focuses on the psychological development of children and adolescents within the educational system. This includes topics such as learning disabilities, giftedness, and motivation. School Psychology, on the other hand, focuses on the psychological functioning of students within the school environment. This includes topics such as discipline, bullying, and mental health.

Both Educational Psychology and School Psychology are concerned with improving educational outcomes for students, but they take different approaches to achieve this goal. Educational Psychologists conduct research to better understand how students learn, while School Psychologists work directly with students to provide support and interventions. As a result, Educational Psychology and School Psychology are both essential parts of the education system.


Although both Educational Psychology and School Psychology deal with the study of students, they are two different disciplines. Educational Psychology focuses on understanding how people learn in general, while School Psychology is more focused on interventions and assessments within a school setting. If you are interested in working with students, it is important to understand the differences between these two fields.

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