There are many similarities and differences between Earth and Saturn. Both have gas giants with rings around them, but the composition of their atmospheres is different. Earth has mostly nitrogen and oxygen, while Saturn has hydrogen and helium. Additionally, the temperatures on each planet vary greatly. While Earth’s average temperature is about 15 degrees Celsius, Saturn’s average temperature is about -178 degrees Celsius! Despite these differences, both planets are fascinating places to study.
What is Earth?
- Earth is the third planet from the Sun. It is the densest and fifth-largest of the eight planets in the Solar System. Earth’s atmosphere is about 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen. Earth orbits the Sun at an average distance of 149.6 million kilometers and completes one full orbit every 365.26 Earth days. The Earth’s axis of rotation is tilted 23.4° from the perpendicular to its orbital plane, producing seasonal variations on the planet’s surface with a period of one Earth year.
- Earth’s gravity interacts with all matter in the universe, and Earth’s oceans flow with tides due to the gravitational interactions between Earth and Moon. Earth has been inhabited by humans for more than 3 million years. Earth’s biosphere has significantly altered the atmospheric and other basic physical conditions, which has enabled life to flourish on Earth. Humans have developed agriculture, which has altered the landscape by clearing forests and draining wetlands; this, in turn, has changed global climate patterns, causing extreme weather events such as floods and hurricanes.
- humans have also industrialized, bringing about significant changes to Earth’s surface environment through pollution, deforestation, desertification, and soil erosion caused by improper agricultural practices. Human activity has also resulted in species extinctions through overhunting,
What is Saturn?
- Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter. Saturn is a gas giant with an atmosphere composed of hydrogen and helium. It has a pale yellow hue and is famous for its distinctive rings, which are made up of ice and dust particles. Saturn’s diameter is almost 10 times that of Earth, and it has a mass more than 95 times that of our planet.
- The average distance from Saturn to the Sun is about 1.4 billion kilometers. Saturn takes 29.5 Earth years to complete one orbit around the Sun. The day on Saturn lasts just over 10 hours, while the year lasts almost 30 Earth years.
- Saturn is the least dense of all the planets in the Solar System. If it were placed in water, Saturn would float! Saturn’s atmosphere is mostly nitrogen, like Earth’s atmosphere, but it also contains much more methane and ammonia than our planet does. These chemicals give Saturn its yellow color.
Difference between Earth and Saturn
Earth and Saturn are both planets in the solar system. Earth is the third planet from the sun and is the largest of the terrestrial planets. Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun and is the second-largest planet in the solar system. Both Earth and Saturn have an atmosphere, but Earth’s atmosphere is much thicker than Saturn’s atmosphere.
Earth has one moon, while Saturn has many moons. Earth’s diameter is about 12,700 kilometers, while Saturn’s diameter is about 120,000 kilometers. Earth has a solid surface, while Saturn has a gaseous surface. Finally, Earth’s gravity is much stronger than Saturn’s gravity.
Although Saturn is much larger than Earth, it has a lower average density because it is made mostly of gas. This means that if you were to put the two planets side by side, Saturn would be only about 70% as heavy as Earth. Despite its low density, Saturn’s gravity is still strong enough to hold on to its atmosphere and keep it from escaping into space. If you could stand on the surface of Saturn, you would feel a gravitational force three times stronger than what you experience on Earth!