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Difference between Division and Subsidiary

Difference between Division and Subsidiary

A division and a subsidiary are two different types of business entities. A division is a type of subsidiary, but not all subsidiaries are divisions. There are several key differences between these two types of businesses that you should be aware of before deciding which is right for your company. In this blog post, we’ll discuss the definition of each business entity, their distinguishing features, and when it might make sense to choose one over the other. Let’s get started!

What is Division?

A Division is a business entity that is created when a company decides to divide itself into two or more separate companies. The new companies are often known as “divisions” of the original company. Division business entities typically have their own management teams and operate independently from the rest of the company. However, they may still be owned by the same parent company. Division business entities can be formed for a variety of reasons, such as to increase efficiency or to tap into new markets. Division business entities can be either public or private.

Public division business entities are typically listed on stock exchanges, while private division business entities are not. Division business entities are regulated by the laws of the jurisdiction in which they are organized. Division business entities must also file periodic reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Division business entities can be dissolved by the shareholders of the parent company. Division business entity filings are available to the public on the SEC’s website.

What is a Subsidiary?

Subsidiaries are companies that are owned or controlled by another company, typically referred to as the parent company. The parent company may own a majority of the subsidiary’s shares, meaning it has ultimate control over the subsidiary. In some cases, the parent company may only have a minority stake in the subsidiary. Subsidiaries can be formed for a variety of reasons, including to expand the parent company’s product line or to enter a new market. Subsidiaries are often located in different countries from the parent company, which can provide certain tax advantages.

For example, if the subsidiary is based in a country with lower corporate tax rates, it can help to reduce the overall tax liability of the parent company. Subsidiaries can also help to shelter the parent company from business risk. For instance, if the subsidiary is involved in a lawsuit, the assets of the parent company may be protected from seizure. Ultimately, subsidiaries can provide a number of benefits for both the parent company and its shareholders.

Difference between Division and Subsidiary

Division and subsidiary are two terms that are often used interchangeably, but there is a subtle difference between the two. A division is a business unit within a company that is isolated from the rest of the company in terms of management, finances, and operations. A subsidiary, on the other hand, is a company that is majority-owned by another company. While divisions are typically part of a larger company, subsidiaries are usually independent companies. However, the distinction between the two is not always clear-cut, and there is often overlap between the two concepts. For example, a subsidiary may be owned by a parent company but operate as a division within that company. In general, though, divisions are internal units of a company while subsidiaries are separate companies.


When it comes to the difference between a division and a subsidiary, there are several key factors to consider. Primarily, a division is a separate legal entity from its parent company, while a subsidiary is not. Additionally, divisions tend to have more autonomy in terms of decision-making and operations than subsidiaries. Finally, the most important distinction is that a subsidiary is owned by its parent company, while a division is not.

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