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Difference between Cytoplasm and Cytoskeleton

Cytoplasm and cytoskeleton are two words that are often confused with one another. Though they have similarities, they are actually two different things. This post will explore the difference between the two and explain what each one does. By understanding the difference, you can better appreciate these important cellular components.

What is Cytoplasm?

The cytoplasm is the gel-like substance that fills the cell and holds the organelles in place. The cytoplasm is primarily made up of water, but it also contains salts, enzymes, and other small molecules. The cytoplasm is where most of the chemical reactions in the cell take place. It is also where the cell’s DNA is located. The cytoplasm is a vital part of the cell, and it plays an essential role in cell function.

What is Cytoskeleton?

The cytoskeleton is an important cellular structure that helps to provide support and shape for cells, as well as to aid in cell movement. Cytoskeleton is made up of three types of protein filaments: microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules.

  • Microfilaments are the thinnest of the three types of filaments and are made up of actin proteins. They play an important role in cell movement, such as during cell division and wound healing.
  • Intermediate filaments are thicker than microfilaments and are made up of a variety of different proteins, depending on the type of cell. They help to give shape to cells and provide them with resistance to mechanical stress.
  • Microtubules are the thickest of the three types of filaments and are made up of tubulin proteins. They help to organize other cellular structures, such as chromosomes during cell division, and they also play a role in cell movement.

The cytoskeleton is a dynamic structure that is constantly being assembled and disassembled in response to the needs of the cell.

Difference between Cytoplasm and Cytoskeleton

The cytoplasm is a jelly-like substance that contains the organelles in a cell. The cytoskeleton is a network of proteins that provide support and structure for the cell.

  • The cytoplasm is found inside the cell membrane, whereas the cytoskeleton is found outside the cell membrane. Cytoplasm helps in the movement of organelles, whereas the cytoskeleton provides support and shape to the cell.
  • The cytoplasm contains water, salts, and enzymes that help in various biochemical reactions. The cytoskeleton consists of microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules. The cytoplasm is more viscous than water, while the cytoskeleton is more rigid.
  • Cytoplasm can be divided into two parts – the cytoplasmic matrix and the cytoplasmic organelles. The Cytoskeleton includes cytoskeletal elements like microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules.

The cytoskeleton also helps in cell division by organizing chromosomes during mitosis. The cytoskeleton provides strength and rigidity to cells, whereas the cytoplasm provides fluidity. The cytoskeleton maintains the shape of cells, whereas the cytoplasm can change its shape.

Conclusion

Cytoplasm and cytoskeleton are two important cellular components that help the cell maintain its shape and function. The cytoplasm is the jelly-like substance inside the cell membrane, while the cytoskeleton is a network of protein fibers that helps to support and stabilize the cell. Although they have different functions, both are essential for cells to survive.

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