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Difference between Communism and Totalitarianism

Difference between Communism and Totalitarianism

There is a lot of confusion surrounding the difference between communism and totalitarianism. Many people use the two terms interchangeably, but they are actually quite different. In this blog post, we will explore the key differences between communism and totalitarianism. We will also discuss how each ideology is practiced in different countries around the world.

What is Communism?

Communism is an economic and political system in which property and resources are communally owned and controlled. The ultimate goal of communism is to create a classless, egalitarian society in which everyone works together for the common good. In theory, communism would provide for the needs of all citizens, and there would be no need for currency or other forms of exchange. Communism has been attempted in various forms throughout history, but it has never been successfully implemented on a large scale. Critics argue that communism is inherently flawed and that it leads to tyranny and oppression. Supporters of communism maintain that it is the most equitable and just form of society.

What is Totalitarianism?

Totalitarianism is a form of government in which the state wields absolute power and seeks to control every aspect of its citizens’ lives. Totalitarian regimes are typically characterized by their single-party rule, their use of propaganda and intimidation to control the population, and their efforts to monopolize power. Totalitarian rulers often seek to create a “new man” who is loyal to the state and obedient to its laws. Totalitarian states have existed throughout history, but the term “totalitarianism” was first coined in the 1920s by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Since then, totalitarianism has been used to describe a variety of different governments, both right-wing and left-wing. Totalitarian regimes have typically been opposed by liberal democracies.

Difference between Communism and Totalitarianism

Communism and totalitarianism are two different systems of government. Communism is based on the shared ownership of property and resources, while totalitarianism is based on complete control by the government. Both systems seek to promote equality, but they differ in how they achieve this. Communism focuses on economic equality, while totalitarianism focuses on political and social equality. Communism is also typically associated with atheism, while totalitarianism can be either atheist or theocratic. There are many other differences between these two systems of government, but these are some of the most important.


Although the two systems have many similarities, there are a few key distinctions between communism and totalitarianism. The most glaring difference is that while communism focuses on equal distribution of resources, totalitarianism concentrates power in the hands of one individual or group. Additionally, under communism, the state owns all property and businesses, whereas under totalitarianism private enterprise is allowed as long as it supports the goals of the regime. Finally, communist governments allow for limited freedom of speech and assembly, while totalitarian regimes suppress any form of dissent.

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