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Difference between Communism and Capitalism

Difference between Communism and Capitalism

There are two major economic systems in the world: communism and capitalism. They have very different beliefs about how wealth should be distributed, and they produce very different results. In this article, we will explore the key differences between communism and capitalism. By understanding the differences between these two systems, you can make an informed decision about which one is right for you.

What is Communism?

Communism is a political and economic theory that holds that the key to a society’s success is the collective ownership of its means of production. Communism’s roots can be traced back to the writings of Karl Marx, who argued that capitalism would inevitably lead to the exploitation of workers by a small class of owners. While Marx believed that Communism would eventually emerge as the natural successor to capitalism, he also believed that it would only do so after a period of class struggle. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, this theory found expression in a number of socialist and Communist movements around the world. While these movements varied significantly in their goals and ideology, they all shared a commitment to overthrowing capitalism and establishing a more equal and just society. Communism ultimately failed in its goal of creating a global revolution, but its impact on the world has been profound. The Soviet Union, which was founded on Communist principles, was once one of the most powerful countries in the world, and Communist parties continue to play a major role in many countries today.

What is Capitalism?

Capitalism is an economic system in which private individuals or businesses own the means of production, such as factories and land. They also own the items that are produced, such as finished goods and services. The most important goal for capitalists is to make a profit. In a capitalist economy, prices are determined by supply and demand, not by the government. This means that businesses can charge whatever they want for their products or services. Capitalism has existed in some form since the 1600s. It became the dominant economic system in the Western world during the Industrial Revolution of the 1700s and 1800s. Capitalism has been criticized for causing inequality and poverty, but it has also been praised for generating economic growth and prosperity. Supporters of capitalism argue that it is the most efficient way to produce and distribute goods and services.

Difference between Communism and Capitalism

Communism and capitalism are two very different economic systems. Communism is a system where the government owns the means of production and there is no private property. The government controls everything in the economy, from what is produced to how it is distributed. The goal of communism is to have a classless society, where everyone is equal. Capitalism, on the other hand, is a system where private individuals own the means of production. The government does not control the economy, and there is a lot of competition. The goal of capitalism is to make as much money as possible. There are pros and cons to both systems, but they are fundamentally different. Communism is based on equality, while capitalism is based on competition.


Although the two systems seem similar on the surface, there are a few key distinctions between communism and capitalism.

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