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Difference between Communism and Anarchism

Difference between Communism and Anarchism

Communism and anarchism are two different political ideologies that have been around for many years. While they share some similarities, they also have key differences. This blog post will explore those differences and discuss why communism is not compatible with anarchism.

What is Communism?

  • Communism is an economic and political system that is based on the shared ownership of resources and the means of production. The ultimate goal of communism is to create a classless society in which all people are equal.
  • Under communism, the government controls the economy and there is no private property. Decisions about what to produce and how to distribute goods are made by a central authority, rather than by individual consumers.
  • The first country to adopt communism as its official ideology was the Soviet Union, which was founded in 1917. Other communist countries include China, Cuba, and North Korea.
  • Critics of communism argue that it has led to totalitarianism and repression in many countries. They also argue that it has failed to deliver on its promises of economic equality. Supporters of communism argue that it is a fair and just economic system that ensures that everyone has access to essential goods and services.

What is Anarchism?

Anarchism is a political theory that holds the state to be unnecessary, harmful, and illegitimate, and instead advocates for a society based on voluntary associations between free individuals. Anarchists believe that humans are capable of governing themselves without the need for hierarchy or coercion and that rules and laws are only legitimate if they are voluntarily agreed upon by the community. Many anarchists also advocate for social equality, economic justice, and freedom from oppressive systems such as capitalism, patriarchy, and racism. While there is no one unified anarchist movement, anarchism has been a significant force in leftist politics throughout the history of the modern world.

Difference between Communism and Anarchism

While communism and anarchism may seem similar at first glance, there are actually a number of key ways in which they differ. Perhaps the most fundamental difference is that communism is a political philosophy that advocates for a centrally planned economy, while anarchism is hostile to all forms of central planning and government control. In addition, communists believe that the working class must overthrow the ruling class in order to create a classless society, while anarchists believe that such an overthrow is unnecessary and that a stateless society can be created through voluntary means. Finally, communists tend to be highly organized and often supportive of using violence to achieve their goals, while anarchists are typically more chaotic and oppose the use of violence. While there are certainly some similarities between communism and anarchism, the two philosophies are ultimately quite different.


There are many different types of communism and anarchism, but the main difference between the two is that communists believe in a dictatorship of the proletariat while anarchists advocate for voluntary association. Both have their pros and cons, and it’s up to the individual to decide which system they think would work best.

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