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Difference between Climate and Biome

Difference between Climate and Biome

Climate and biomes are terms that are often used interchangeably, but they are in fact two very different concepts. While they both affect the living conditions of creatures, their differences become most evident when explored in comparison with one another. Climate is determined by multiple environmental factors such as latitude and wind patterns, while a biome is defined by certain plants and animals within a given region. Learn all about the distinctions between climate and biomes – from winter precipitation to tundra habitats – for better insight into how each distinct concept affects our planet’s inhabitants.

What is Climate?

  • Climate is the long-term average of weather patterns in a given region. It takes into account temperature, humidity, rainfall, and sunshine hours over a period of time to give us an overall idea of the climate in that area. Climate can vary significantly from place to place, based on altitude, proximity to oceans, or other geographical features.
  • Climate change has become a major concern in recent years due to its potential negative effects on our environment. Not only can climate change cause extreme weather events like hurricanes and droughts, but it can also contribute to the extinction of rare plants and animals as well as the displacement of entire populations due to sea level rise.
  • To combat this ever-growing threat, we must take action now to create a policy that reduces our carbon emissions and finds alternative energy sources. By addressing climate change directly, we can ensure that everyone around the world has access to clean air and a safe environment.

What is Biome?

A biome is an area where distinct climatic and ecological communities occur. Biomes are regions of the planet that can range from entire continents to much smaller areas, such as rainforests, tundra, or deserts. A biome is determined by its climate, the plants and animals that live there, and the geography of the region—including its soil type, latitude, elevation, and water availability. Biomes are impacted by environmental issues—such as climate change – which can lead to changes in their plant and animal communities. Biomes support life on our planet by providing resources for humans as well as food webs for species to survive.

Difference between Climate and Biome

Climate and biome are two terms that are often confused due to their similarities, but they have distinct meanings.

  • Climate is the average weather conditions in a specific place; it takes into consideration the long-term temperature and precipitation patterns of an area.
  • On the other hand, a biome is a set of regions with distinct climates and plants; it encompasses all of the living organisms found in an area and reflects how those species interact with their environment.
  • Whereas climate is focused on wide-scope environmental trends, biomes hone in on local plant species, food webs and animal behavior.

Climate and biomes influence each other; most notably, Climate determines what kind of biome will live where, while biomes create different climates over large areas because of their multitude of interacting elements.


The main difference between climate and biome is that the climate is the average weather conditions of a place while the biome is the plant and animal life of a particular area. Climate factors such as temperature, precipitation, and wind patterns all affect biomes. Meanwhile, biomes are determined by soil type, moisture availability, and elevation. Different climates support different types of biomes.

For example, tropical rainforests are found near Earth’s equator where it’s warm and wet all year round. Taiga forests, on the other hand, are found in cold places like Alaska where it gets very little sunlight and lots of snowfall. Despite their differences, both climate and biome play an important role in determining the types of plants and animals that can live in an area.

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