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Difference between Chikungunya and Dengue

Difference between Chikungunya and Dengue

If you are an avid traveler, or someone living in a region where it is common, you have probably heard of diseases like chikungunya and dengue. Both of these illnesses share similar symptoms and can be found in the same areas, but they are in fact very different diseases and need to be treated differently. In this blog post we will explore the differences between chikungunya and dengue so that people can make informed decisions when it comes to their health. So read on to learn more about how your body works!

What is Chikungunya?

  • Chikungunya is a virus-based disease that was first discovered in Tanzania in 1952. It is primarily spread through the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes, causing symptoms such as fever, joint pain, and rashes.
  • Chikungunya can also lead to long-term joint pain and tiredness, and can cause severe complications for pregnant women and those who are immunocompromised. While Chikungunya does not typically result in death, it can cause great discomfort for those infected with it.
  • Unfortunately, there isn’t an available vaccine to prevent Chikungunya infection, so individuals should take steps to avoid mosquito bites by wearing insect repellant and covering exposed skin when outdoors.

What is Dengue?

  • Dengue is a tropical disease spread by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. Dengue virus belongs to the Flavivirus genus and has four distinct, but closely related serotypes that can cause a wide spectrum of clinical illness – from mild, self-limiting febrile illnesses to fatal hemorrhagic cases.
  • Dengue fever is characterized by high fever and powerful headache often accompanied by joint/muscle pain, nausea/vomiting, a rash that usually appears on the arms and legs, or sometimes even internal bleeding.
  • Dengue fever can be prevented through vector control measures like removing potential breeding sources such as standing water near homes, along with the use of insect repellents and mosquito nets. Vaccines are also available for those at risk for severe Dengue infection. Early diagnosis and prompt medical care are necessary for the treatment of Dengue fever.

Difference between Chikungunya and Dengue

Chikungunya and Dengue are both viral diseases spread by bites from infected mosquitos.

  • Chikungunya can cause joint pain and fever, while Dengue is characterized by body aches, rash, nausea, vomiting, chills and a high fever. Chikungunya typically lasts for 2 to 3 weeks, while a severe case of Dengue can take up to 2 months.
  • Chikungunya can’t be fatal in adults but can lead to serious complications if it affects children or the elderly; Dengue on the other hand has the potential of being fatal unless treated promptly.
  • Chikungunya is not as common worldwide as Dengue and has only recently become more diagnosed due to improved diagnosis methods.

Both diseases however should be taken seriously as preventive measures like using mosquito repellents are the best way to protect yourself from these dangerous illnesses.


Dengue and Chikungunya are both viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. They cause similar symptoms, but there are some important differences between the two. Dengue is more common and tends to cause more severe symptoms, while Chikungunya is less common but can cause joint pain that can last for months or years. If you think you might have either virus, it’s important to see a doctor so they can order the right tests and provide treatment if necessary. And of course, the best way to prevent these diseases is to protect yourself from mosquito bites.

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