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Difference between Cerebellum and Cerebrum

Difference between Cerebellum and Cerebrum

Did you know that the cerebellum and cerebrum are two different parts of the brain? The cerebellum is responsible for controlling balance, movement, and coordination, while the cerebrum controls thinking, learning, and reasoning. So what’s the difference between these two parts of the brain? Keep reading to find out!

What is Cerebellum?

  • The cerebellum is a small, round structure located at the back of the brain, just above the brainstem. It is responsible for coordinating muscle movements and balance.
  • The Cerebellum is divided into two hemispheres, which are connected by a bridge of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum. Each hemisphere is further divided into lobes, and each lobe contains a region called the Cerebellar Cortex.
  • The Cerebellar Cortex is responsible for receiving information from the senses and sending commands to the muscles. In addition, the Cerebellum also plays a role in learning and memory. Damage to the Cerebellum can result in movement disorders, such as Ataxia and Dysmetria.

What is Cerebrum?

  • The cerebrum is the largest part of the human brain. It is divided into two hemispheres, the right and left hemisphere. Each hemisphere controls the opposite side of the body.
  • The cerebrum is involved in many functions such as movement, speech, thought, and hearing. The surface of the cerebrum is covered with a thin layer of tissue called the cerebral cortex. This layer is very important for higher functions such as thinking and memory.
  • The cerebrum also contains other important structures such as the hippocampus and amygdala. These structures are important for emotion and learning. Cerebrum is an amazing organ that allows us to think, feel, and move.

Difference between Cerebellum and Cerebrum

  • The Cerebellum is responsible for motor control, which includes the coordination of muscle movement and balance. The Cerebrum is responsible for higher cognitive functions such as thought, language, and emotions.
  • The Cerebellum is located under the Cerebrum and is separated by the Cerebral Aqueduct. The Cerebrum is divided into two hemispheres (left and right) which are connected by the Corpus Callosum.
  • Each hemisphere is further divided into four lobes: frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital. The Cerebellum has a single lobe. The Cerebellum is smaller than the Cerebrum but has more neurons.


In conclusion, the cerebellum is responsible for balance and coordination while the cerebrum is responsible for everything else including thought, memory, emotion, and sensory processing. Knowing the difference between these two parts of the brain can be helpful in understanding why someone may behave a certain way or have difficulty with tasks that involve movement or thinking.

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