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Difference between Cement and Mortar

Difference between Cement and Mortar

Mortar and cement are both types of masonry products, used for bonding and filling the gaps between bricks or stones in a structure. However, there are several differences between the two substances. Mortar is a mixture of cement, lime, and sand; while cement is made from a combination of limestone, clay, and iron ore. Cement is also stronger than mortar and can withstand higher compressive forces.

Mortar is more commonly used today because it cures slowly and allows for adjustments to be made during construction. However, cement is often used in areas that require greater strength or waterproofing. Understanding the difference between mortar and cement can help you choose the right product for your specific project.

What is Cement?

Cement is a building material made from a powdery mixture of water, sand, gravel, and clay. When this mixture is combined with water and allowed to harden, it forms a strong, durable material that is perfect for making sidewalks, foundations, and walls. Cement is also an essential ingredient in concrete, which is widely used in construction projects all over the world.

Cement is typically made by heating limestone and other minerals in a kiln until they form a clinker, which is then ground into a fine powder. The finished product can be used in its dry state, or it can be mixed with water to create a variety of different construction materials. Cement is an incredibly versatile material, and it has played a vital role in the development of modern society.

What is Mortar?

Mortar is a construction material used to bind together bricks, stones, and other masonry materials. It is made from a mixture of cement, sand, and water, and can be mixed by hand or machine. Mortar is used extensively in the construction of walls, foundations, and other masonry structures.

It is especially important in buildings that are subject to high winds or seismic activity, as mortar helps to keep masonry units in place and prevent them from collapsing. Mortar can also be used to repair existing structures that have been damaged by weathering or other forces. When properly mixed and applied, mortar is a strong and durable material that can withstand years of exposure to the elements.

Difference between Cement and Mortar

  • Cement is a fine, powdery substance made from limestone and other minerals. Cement is used to bind together sand, gravel, and other materials to create concrete, one of the most versatile construction materials in the world.
    Mortar is a thick mixture of water, sand, and cement.
  • It is used to bind together bricks, stones, and other building materials. Because it is less rigid than concrete, mortar is better suited for applications where the finished product will need to expand or contract slightly, such as in masonry work.
  • While cement and mortar are both essential construction materials, they have different applications. Cement is typically used to create the foundation of a structure, while the mortar is used to hold together the individual bricks and stones that make up the walls.


Cement and mortar are both essential components of masonry, but they have different purposes. Mortar holds the bricks together while the cement sets and hardens to create a solid structure. Understanding the difference between these two materials is important for anyone who wants to work with masonry.

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