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Difference between Byzantine and Roman Catholic

Difference between Byzantine and Roman Catholic

The Byzantine and Roman Catholic Churches have many similarities, but there are also key differences between the two. One of the most significant distinctions in their understanding of the nature of the Holy Trinity. The Byzantine Churches hold to a doctrine called “Filioque”, which means “and from the Son”. This belief states that the Holy Spirit proceeds from both the Father and Son. The Roman Catholic Church does not teach this doctrine. Additionally, Byzantines revered icons (statues or paintings depicting religious scenes), while Catholics do not. Finally, unlike the Roman Catholic Church, where only priests can consecrate bread and wine into Eucharist, in Byzantine laity can also consecrate Eucharist.

Who is Byzantine?

Byzantine refers to the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages. The Byzantine Empire was a continuation of the Roman Empire after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Byzantine was characterized by its Christian faith, Greek language and culture, and Eastern Roman traditions. The Byzantine Empire reached its height under Emperor Constantine XI, who reigned from 1449 to 1453. However, the empire fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. Nevertheless, Byzantine culture and traditions have remained alive in modern times through the Eastern Orthodox Church and Byzantine studies. Byzantine art, architecture, and literature have also exerted a significant influence on the Western world.

Who is Roman Catholic?

Roman Catholicism is the largest and oldest continuing Christian church in the world, with more than 1.3 billion members worldwide. The Roman Catholic Church teaches that it is the one true church founded by Jesus Christ and that its bishops are the successors of Christ’s apostles. Roman Catholics are required to believe in certain doctrines, such as the belief in God, the Trinity, and the divinity of Jesus Christ. They are also required to follow certain ethical guidelines, such as the Ten Commandments. Roman Catholics can be found all over the world, although they are concentrated in Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Roman Catholicism is a major force in world politics, and its leaders wield tremendous power and influence.

Difference between Byzantine and Roman Catholic

  • The Byzantine and Roman Catholic traditions are two major branches of Christianity that have developed over the course of centuries. While they share many common beliefs and practices, there are also some fundamental differences between them.
  • One of the major distinctions between Byzantine and Roman Catholicism is their approach to salvation. Byzantine Christians believe that individuals are saved through a process known as “theosis,” or the gradual adoption of divine qualities by continually striving for virtue. By contrast, Roman Catholics see salvation as a gift from God that can only be received through faith in Christ. Additionally, Byzantine Christians place great emphasis on iconography and other religious artwork, while Roman Catholics generally reject idolatry in any form.
  • Another key difference between these two traditions is their stance on priesthood and Church hierarchy. Byzantine Catholicism places less emphasis on priests, and encourages laypersons to take an active role in the community’s spiritual life. Meanwhile, Roman Catholics emphasize the importance of formal clergy roles such as bishops, archbishops, and cardinals in leading the local congregation. Ultimately, these differences highlight how Byzantine and Roman Catholicism represent two distinct but equally valid approaches to Christianity.


The Byzantine and Roman Catholic churches have different histories, governance structures, liturgical practices, and spiritual emphases. While the two branches of Christianity share some commonalities, they also have a number of distinct differences.

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