There are many types of cancer, and it can be difficult to determine which one you or a loved one may have. Two of the most common cancers are breast cancer and lymphoma. Though they share some similarities, there are key differences between these two diseases. Here we will explore those differences to help you better understand them both.
What is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the tissues of the breast. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but it is much more common in women.
- Breast cancer most often begins in the milk ducts, which are the tubes that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple. Breast cancer can also form in the lobules, which are the glands that produce milk.
- Breast cancer can spread to other parts of the body, but it most commonly spreads to the lymph nodes, bones, liver, and lungs. Breast cancer is treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy.
- Breast cancer can be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, and limiting alcohol consumption.
What is Lymphoma Cancer?
Lymphoma cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the lymph system. The lymph system consists of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, and tonsils. Lymphoma cancer can arise in any of these lymphoid tissues. Lymphoma cancer usually starts in the lymph nodes.
- A lymphoma cancer cell may spread from one lymph node to another, or it may spread to other organs such as the bone marrow, liver, or lungs. Lymphoma cancer is classified according to the type of cells involved and how fast it grows. The two main types are Hodgkin’s disease and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
- Lymphoma cancer is the fifth most common cancer in the United States. It is estimated that about 74,200 new cases of lymphoma will be diagnosed in 2018. Lymphoma can occur at any age, but it is most common in people between the ages of 15 and 40 years old.
- Lymphoma is slightly more common in men than in women. There are many risk factors for lymphoma, including infection with certain viruses or bacteria, exposure to certain chemicals, or having a weakened immune system.
Treatment for lymphoma depends on the type of lymphoma, the stage of the disease, and the patient’s age and overall health. Treatment options include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy.
Difference between Breast Cancer and Lymphoma
Breast cancer and lymphoma are two types of cancers that can affect the same area of the body, making them often confused with one another.
- Breast cancer originates in the breast tissue, while lymphoma starts in the lymph nodes.
- Breast cancer is most commonly found in women over the age of 50, while lymphoma is more likely to affect younger adults.
- Breast cancer is usually treated with surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy, while lymphoma is typically treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation.
While both breast cancer and lymphoma can be serious diseases, early detection and treatment can improve outcomes for both types of cancer.
Breast cancer and lymphoma are two different types of cancer. While they both affect the lymphatic system, breast cancer is a tumor that starts in the milk ducts while lymphoma is a type of blood cell cancer. Symptoms and treatment for these cancers vary greatly, so it’s important to know the differences between them. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with cancer, please consult a doctor for more information about the specific type of cancer and its treatment options.