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Difference between BPH and Prostate Cancer

Difference between BPH and Prostate Cancer

It can be tough to tell the difference between BPH and prostate cancer, especially if you’re not familiar with the symptoms of each. Both conditions involve the prostate gland, but they are two very different diseases. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at the key differences between BPH and prostate cancer so that you can know what to watch out for.

What is BPH?

BPH, or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut-sized gland located just below the bladder. The main function of the prostate is to produce fluid that helps to transport sperm during ejaculation. BPH occurs when the cells of the prostate begin to grow uncontrollably. This can cause the gland to enlarge and put pressure on the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. BPH is a common condition that affects men as they age. It is estimated that 50% of men over the age of 50 have BPH, and that number increases to 90% by the age of 80. While BPH is not dangerous, it can cause urinary symptoms such as hesitancy, frequency, urgency, and weak stream. In severe cases, it can lead to urinary retention or kidney damage.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. The prostate is located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It is about the size of a walnut and surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis. Prostate cancer usually occurs in men over the age of 50 and is one of the most common types of cancer in men. In the early stages, prostate cancer may not cause any symptoms. However, as it progresses, it may cause problems urinating, including a slow or weak stream, difficulty starting urination, or frequent urges to urinate. Additionally, prostate cancer may cause pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, or pelvis. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor for a diagnosis. Prostate cancer can be treated with surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or chemotherapy.

Difference between BPH and Prostate Cancer

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer are two different conditions that can affect the prostate gland. BPH is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland that commonly occurs as men age. Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that forms in the prostate gland. Although both conditions can cause similar symptoms, they are treated differently. BPH is usually treated with medication or surgery to remove the excess tissue. Prostate cancer is typically treated with surgery, radiation therapy, or hormone therapy. In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be used.


While prostate cancer is a more serious and deadly disease, it is also much less common. BPH, on the other hand, is a very common condition that can cause many of the same symptoms as prostate cancer. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms associated with either condition, it is important to see a doctor and get properly diagnosed.

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