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Difference between Black and Brown Coal

Difference between Black and Brown Coal

The two main types of coal are black coal and brown coal. They are both forms of carbon, but their chemical makeup is different. This affects how they are used and how they burn. Black coal is the most common type and is used for electricity generation. Brown coal is less common, and it is used mainly for heating homes or producing industrial heat. Both types of coal have environmental impacts, but brown coal has a larger impact because it emits more pollutants when burned.

What is Black Coal?

Black coal is a type of sedimentary rock that is formed from plant remains that have been buried underground and exposed to high temperatures and pressures. Over time, these plant remains to undergo a process of metamorphism, resulting in the formation of black coal. Black coal is rich in carbon and is often used as a fuel source. It is also popular in metal production and glassmaking, as it can be used to create a variety of products with different shades of black. Black coal is found in many parts of the world, including Europe, Asia, and North America.

What is Brown Coal?

Brown coal, also known as lignite, is a type of coal that is characterized by its dark brown color and high carbon content. Brown coal is lower in rank than other types of coal, such as bituminous and anthracite coal. Brown coal is not as valuable as these other types of coal because it has a lower energy content and is more difficult to process. Brown coal is typically used for electricity generation and is often referred to as “dirtier” than other types of coal because of its high carbon and water content. Brown coal is found in Australia, Europe, and the United States.

Difference between Black and Brown Coal

Black and brown coal are two types of sedimentary rock that are used as fuel. Black coal is a type of coal that has a higher carbon content and is, therefore, harder and more compact. Brown coal, on the other hand, has a lower carbon content and is softer. Black coal is mainly used in power generation due to its high energy content, while brown coal is used in lower-grade applications such as pulp and paper production. Black coal is also more expensive than brown coal due to its higher energy content.


Coal is an important resource for many countries, and understanding the difference between black and brown coal can help you make the most of this valuable natural resource.

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