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Difference between Aztecs and Incas

Difference between Aztecs and Incas

The Aztecs and the Incas were two of the most powerful empires in the Americas during the early 16th century. Though they both had their strengths, there were also many differences between them. This blog post will compare and contrast the two empires, highlighting the unique aspects of each.

Who are the Aztecs?

The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican civilization that flourished in central Mexico from c. 1248 to c. 1521. The Aztecs spoke Nahuatl, and they had a complex social structure with a strict caste system. They were also known for their architectural achievements, including the construction of monumental temples and pyramids. The Aztecs were conquered by the Spanish in 1521, and their civilization was largely destroyed. However, the Aztecs have left a lasting legacy, and they continue to be studied by scholars today.

Who are the Incas?

The Incas were a South American people who dominated a large portion of the Andes region from the early 13th century until their conquest by the Spanish in the 1530s. The Inca state was known as the Kingdom of Cusco before 1438. It grew to become the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. The Incas were preceded in the Andean region by several ancient cultures, including the Chavín civilization, which flourished in present-day Peru from around 1500 BC to 500 BC. The Incas had their beginnings in the highland village of Cusco, which they founded circa 1200 AD. Under the leadership of Inca rulers Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui and his son Tupac Inca Yupanqui, they rapidly expanded their territory to include a large portion of South America, stretching from present-day Ecuador to Chile. The Inca Empire reached its height under Atahualpa, who ruled from 1533 until he was defeated and captured by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1533. With Atahualpa’s death, the empire began to unravel; by 1572, it had ceased to exist altogether.

Difference between Aztecs and Incas

The Aztecs and Incas were two of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas prior to the arrival of the Europeans. Both cultures developed highly centralized empires that encompassed a large area of land. In addition, both societies were heavily reliant on agriculture and had developed complex irrigation systems. However, there were also several key differences between the two cultures. For example, the Aztecs were located in present-day Mexico and were known for their militarism, while the Incas were based in present-day Peru and were known for their engineering prowess. As a result, these two cultures had different strengths and weaknesses that helped to shape their respective empires.


The Incas and Aztecs were two of the most powerful empires in the Americas. Though they shared some similarities, there were also distinct differences between them. In this blog post, we’ve outlined some of those key distinctions.

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