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Difference between Autonomous Region and Protectorate

Difference between Autonomous Region and Protectorate

What are the differences between an autonomous region and a protectorate? How do they differ in terms of government, administration, and territory? Let’s explore these questions and more in this blog post.

Who is Autonomous Region?

Autonomous Region is an autonomous community in northeastern Spain. It was established in 1982 and consists of four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona. The capital of the Autonomous Region is Barcelona. The population of the Autonomous Region is 7,543,811 (2016), and the area is 32,114 km2. Autonomous Region has its own parliament and government. Its economy is based on tourism, services, industry, and agriculture. Autonomous Region is a member of the European Union.

Who is Protectorate Region?

Protectorate Region is a term that is used to describe an area that is under the protection of another country. This can come about for a variety of reasons, but typically it is because the Protectorate Region is considered to be of strategic importance to the country providing the protection. In some cases, the Protectorate Region may have its own government, but it will typically lack full sovereignty and will be subject to the laws and regulations of the Protectorate country. Protectorate Regions can be found all over the world, and their status can change over time depending on the political and economic situation in the area.

Difference between Autonomous Region and Protectorate

  • An autonomous region is a first-order administrative division within a country that has a degree of self-governance, or autonomy, from a central authority. A protectorate is a similar entity to an autonomous region, but the autonomous region has less power and authority than a protectorate.
  • An example of an autonomous region would be the Puntland state in northeastern Somalia. Puntland declared itself an autonomous state in 1998 and while it remains part of Somalia, it has a significant degree of autonomy from the central government in Mogadishu.
  • An example of a protectorate would be the Spanish protectorate in Morocco from 1912 to 1956. The Spanish government had more control over the Moroccan protectorate than the Puntland state has over its own affairs.
  • In short, an autonomous regions has more self-governance than a protectorate, but both are entities within a larger country with some degree of autonomy from the central government.


The two terms autonomous region and protectorate are often confused with one another. While they have some similarities, there are key distinctions between the two that business owners should be aware of. An autonomous region is a type of self-governing political entity within a country, while a protectorate is an area that is placed under the protection of another state or organization. When it comes to doing business in China, it’s important to know which category your company falls into so you can comply with the relevant regulations.

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