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Difference between Autism and Asperger Syndrome

Difference between Autism and Asperger Syndrome

There is a lot of confusion surrounding the difference between autism and Asperger Syndrome. Many people use the terms interchangeably, but they are actually two different disorders. Autism is a developmental disorder that begins early in childhood and affects how a person communicates and relates to others. Asperger Syndrome is a form of autism that affects mainly social interaction and communication. People with Asperger Syndrome often have above-average intelligence and may excel in certain areas, such as music or math. It’s important to understand the difference between these two conditions so that people can get the appropriate help and support.

What is Autism Syndrome?

Autism is a neurological condition that affects how people interact with the world around them. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the name used to describe a group of brain development disorders that can cause significant social, communication, and behavioral challenges.

  • Autism occurs in all ethnic groups and across all socioeconomic levels. Autism is four times more likely to affect boys than girls. There is no known single cause for autism, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Autism can be diagnosed as early as 18 months old, and symptoms typically appear before the age of three.
  • Early diagnosis and intervention are important in improving outcomes for individuals with autism. Autism spectrum disorder affects each person in different ways and to varying degrees, which is why it is sometimes referred to as a “spectrum” disorder.
  • Some people with ASD are highly verbal and have above-average intelligence, while others may have difficulty speaking and may be classified as having an intellectual disability. Many people with ASD require specialized support and services throughout their lives, but with early diagnosis and intervention, individuals with ASD can lead happy and productive lives.

What is Asperger Syndrome?

Asperger Syndrome is a developmental disorder that affects a person’s ability to socialize and communicate effectively. People with Asperger Syndrome often have difficulty understanding social cues and regulations, and they may also display repetitive or restrictive behaviors. Asperger Syndrome is considered to be part of the autism spectrum, and it typically appears in early childhood. Although there is no cure for Asperger Syndrome, people with this condition can often lead happy and successful lives with the help of specialized interventions and support.

Difference between Autism and Asperger Syndrome

  • Autism and Asperger Syndrome are both neurodevelopmental disorders that are characterized by social deficits and communication difficulties. However, there are some important differences between the two conditions. Autism is typically diagnosed in early childhood, while Asperger Syndrome is usually not diagnosed until late childhood or adolescence.
  • Autism is also associated with more severe cognitive impairments, while people with Asperger Syndrome generally have average or above-average intelligence. Additionally, people with Autism often have difficulty with verbal communication, while those with Asperger Syndrome usually have no trouble speaking.
  • Finally, autistic behaviors tend to be more repetitive and restricted than those seen in people with Asperger Syndrome. While there are some significant differences between Autism and Asperger Syndrome, both conditions can be highly debilitating and warrant early diagnosis and intervention.


Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Asperger Syndrome are both parts of the autism spectrum, but they have some key differences. AS is a developmental disorder that affects social interaction, communication, and behavior, while Asperger Syndrome is a condition on the autism spectrum that impacts cognitive skills and the ability to relate to others. If you’re wondering whether or not your child has ASD or AS, it’s important to consult with a professional who can make an accurate diagnosis. Thanks for following along as we explored the difference between autism and Asperger syndrome!

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