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Difference between Army Reserve and National Guard

Difference between Army Reserve and National Guard

There are many people who are unsure of the difference between the Army Reserve and the National Guard. Both groups fall under the title of “Army,” but there is a distinct difference between the two. This blog post will outline the main differences between Army Reserve and National Guard.

What is Army Reserve?

Army Reserve is a component of the United States Army that consists of soldiers who serve part-time, typically one weekend per month and two weeks per year. Army Reserve soldiers are trained and equipped to perform the same duties as active duty Army soldiers. However, they are not required to participate in deployments unless they volunteer to do so. Army Reserve soldiers play an essential role in providing the Army with a ready reserve of trained troops that can be called upon in times of need. In addition, Army Reserve soldiers often serve as mentors and instructors for new recruits, helping to ensure that they are properly trained before being deployed into combat situations.

What is National Guard?

National Guard is a unit of the armed forces that is composed of National Guard members. National Guard members are National Guard personnel who have been trained and organized to respond to national emergencies.

National Guard units are typically mobilized during times of national emergencies, such as during war or natural disasters. National Guard members can also be deployed overseas to support military operations.

National Guard units are usually under the control of the state governments, but they can also be federalized and placed under the control of the federal government. National Guard units have played a significant role in many historical events, such as the American Civil War, World War I, World War II, and the Vietnam War.

Difference between Army Reserve and National Guard

Army Reserve and National Guard are two different Army units. Army Reserve is a federal force while National Guard is part of each state’s Army force.

  • Army Reserve soldiers serve one weekend a month and two weeks a year.
  • National Guard soldiers can be called to serve by the president in times of war or national emergency.
  • They also perform duties within their state, such as during natural disasters.
  • Army Reserve soldiers have more job flexibility than National Guard soldiers.
  • Army Reserve soldiers can choose their jobs when they enlist, while National Guard soldiers are assigned jobs.

Army Reserve soldiers can leave the Army after their enlistment period is up, while National Guard soldiers may be called to active duty for longer periods of time.


The Army Reserve and National Guard are both important branches of the United States military, but they serve different purposes. Understanding the difference between these two branches can help you decide which is best for you.

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