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Difference between Annuity and Pension

Difference between Annuity and Pension

When it comes to retirement planning, there are a few key terms that everyone should be familiar with. Annuity and pension are two of those terms, but what’s the difference between them? In this blog post, we will break down the key differences between annuities and pensions so that you can make the best decision for your retirement planning needs.

What is Annuity?

An annuity retirement plan is an insurance contract that provides income for retirement. Annuities are not investments, but rather a way to ensure that you will have a stream of income in retirement. There are two types of annuities: immediate and deferred. Immediate annuities begin payouts as soon as they are purchased, while deferred annuities accumulate over time and begin payouts at a later date.

Annuities can be either fixed or variable, depending on how the payments are determined. Fixed annuities provide guaranteed payments, while variable annuities offer payments that can fluctuate based on the performance of the underlying investment. Annuity retirement plans can be an effective way to supplement other sources of retirement income, such as Social Security or a pension.

What is Pension?

A pension is a regular payment made by an employer to an employee after they retire. It is designed to provide financial security in retirement. Pension payments are usually based on the employee’s length of service and salary. There are two types of pension schemes: defined benefit and defined contribution. In a defined benefit scheme, the pension payment is calculated based on the employee’s length of service and salary. In a defined contribution scheme, the employee and employer make regular contributions to a fund.

The amount of money paid out when the employee retires depends on how much has been saved up. Pension schemes are typically tax-exempt, meaning that employees do not have to pay income tax on the money they contribute. Pension payments are also typically exempt from capital gains tax. This means that they can be a very efficient way to save for retirement.

Difference between Annuity and Pension

  • Annuities and pensions are two types of retirement plans that provide income in retirement. An annuity is a contract between you and an insurance company. You make one or more lump-sum payments, and in return, the insurance company makes periodic payments to you for a specified period of time, usually for the rest of your life. A pension is a retirement plan offered by an employer.
  • It is usually funded by the employer and employee contributions, and in some cases, by investment earnings. Upon retirement, the pension plan pays a monthly income to the retiree. Annuities and pensions can provide financial security in retirement, but there are some key differences to be aware of. Annuities typically have higher fees than pensions, and they are not backed by the government.
  • Pensions are regulated by the government, which means there are laws in place to protect your benefits if your employer goes out of business. When considering which type of retirement plan is right for you, it’s important to weigh the pros and cons of each option before making a decision.


Although annuities and pensions are both types of retirement income, there are some key differences between the two. Annuities offer more flexibility than pensions when it comes to withdrawing money, and they can also be used as an estate planning tool. Pensions are typically more expensive than annuities, but they offer guaranteed payments for life.

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