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Difference between Amortization and Capitalization

Difference between Amortization and Capitalization

When it comes to accounting, there are a few key terms that everyone should be familiar with. Two of those terms are amortization and capitalization. Though they sound similar, they have very different meanings. In this post, we’ll take a closer look at the difference between amortization and capitalization, so you can be sure to use the right term when discussing finances.

What is Amortization?

Amortization is the process of spreading out a loan into smaller payments over time. Amortization is common with large loans, such as mortgages, auto loans, and student loans. With amortization, the borrower pays off the loan little by little, rather than in one lump sum. This makes it easier for the borrower to manage their finances, and it also reduces the amount of interest that they have to pay over time.

Amortization can also be used to pay Down Debt faster simply by making additional payments on principle. When borrowers make these extra payments, they are essentially paying down the loan more quickly, which saves them money in interest. Amortization is a great way to make big loans more manageable, and it can also be used to save money on interest charges.

What is Capitalization?

Capitalization is an accounting concept that refers to the acquisition or reinvestment of funds in a company or enterprise. Capitalization can be used to finance the establishment of a business, the purchase of assets, or the expansion of operations. It can also be used to support working capital needs or to fund other investments. Capitalization is typically done through the issuance of equity or debt instruments, such as stocks, bonds, or loans. Capitalization can also refer to the recognition of certain expenses on the balance sheet, such as research and development costs, as opposed to charging them against income in the period in which they are incurred. Proper capitalization is an important part of financial reporting and can have a significant impact on a company’s financial statements.

Difference between Amortization and Capitalization

Amortization and capitalization are two important accounting concepts. Amortization refers to the process of allocating the cost of an intangible asset over its useful life. Capitalization, on the other hand, is the process of adding the cost of an asset to the balance sheet as an asset. Amortization is generally used for intangible assets, while capitalization is used for both tangible and intangible assets. Amortization is often used for items such as patents, copyrights, and goodwill.

Capitalization is used for items such as land, buildings, equipment, and vehicles. Amortization is also used for long-term liabilities, such as bonds payable. Capitalization can be done on a monthly basis or on a yearly basis. Amortization is generally done on a monthly basis. The choice between amortization and capitalization depends on the accounting policy of the company. Some companies choose to amortize all of their assets, while others choose to capitalize some of their assets.


When it comes to amortization and capitalization, there is a lot of confusion about the two. Hopefully, this article has cleared up any misconceptions and you are now able to make an informed decision on which one is best for your specific needs.

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