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Difference between Ammonia and Ammonium

Difference between Ammonia and Ammonium

Ammonia and ammonium are two very different chemicals. Ammonia is a colorless, fuming liquid with a pungent odor. It is composed of nitrogen and hydrogen and can be made by the Haber process from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas. Ammonium is a salt consisting of ammonia molecules and positive ions. It can be found in nature as salts of major acids such as nitric acid, sulfuric acid, and hydrochloric acid.

What is Ammonia?

Ammonia is a gas that is composed of nitrogen and hydrogen. It is found in many household and industrial cleaners, and it is also used as a refrigerant. Ammonia has a strong smell, and it is highly corrosive. It is hazardous to inhale, and it can cause burns to the skin and eyes. Ammonia is released into the environment when coal and natural gas are burned.

It can also be produced by agricultural activities, such as livestock farming. Ammonia levels in the atmosphere have increased by about 30% since the Industrial Revolution, and this increase is thought to be responsible for the formation of acid rain. Ammonia can also contribute to the formation of smog. Ammonia levels in the atmosphere are closely monitored, as this gas can have harmful effects on human health and the environment.

What is Ammonium?

Ammonium is a positively charged ion that is formed when nitrogen and hydrogen combine. Ammonium is found in a variety of compounds, including ammonium chloride, ammonium sulfate, and ammonium nitrate. Ammonium is also a major component of urea, which is produced by the breakdown of amino acids. Ammonium is used in a variety of industrial and agricultural applications.

In industry, it is used as a starting material for the production of ammonia, nitric acid, and urea. In agriculture, it is used as a fertilizer to improve the yield of crops. Ammonium can also be found in household cleaning products, where it functions as a degreaser and disinfectant.

Difference between Ammonia and Ammonium

Ammonia and Ammonium are both molecules that contain nitrogen and hydrogen. Ammonia is a gas at room temperature, while Ammonium is a liquid. Ammonia is an irritating gas with a strong smell. Ammonium is a less reactive compound than Ammonia. Ammonium is used in fertilizers, while Ammonia is used in cleaning products. Ammonia is produced naturally by decomposing plants and animals. Ammonium is produced by combining Ammonia with water. Ammonia evaporates quickly, while Ammonium does not.


Ammonia and ammonium are two different things. Ammonia is a gas, while ammonium is a salt. The terms ammonia and ammonium can be used interchangeably, but they have different chemical compositions.

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