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Difference between African and Indian Elephants

Difference between African and Indian Elephants

Did you know that there are two types of elephants? African and Indian. They may look similar, but they have some key differences. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at these two types of elephants, and discuss the differences between them. Stay tuned!

Who are African Elephants?

African elephants are the largest living land animals. They are also some of the most intelligent creatures on earth, with a brain weight of 5-6kgs, only beaten by humans, apes, and dolphins. African elephants are social animals that live in herds of up to 30 individuals led by a matriarch, the oldest and most experienced female. African elephants have many distinctive features, the most notable being their trunk. African elephants’ trunks are highly dexterous and can be used for a range of tasks such as picking up objects, dusting themselves, and drinking water. African elephants also have large, floppy ears which not only help to regulate their body temperature but also enable them to hear distant sounds.

African elephants are herbivores and spend up to 16 hours a day eating fallen fruit, leaves, twigs, and bark. African elephants are under threat from habitat loss and poaching for their ivory tusks. African elephants are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species with an estimated population of 415,000 – 690,000 individuals remaining in the wild. African elephants play an important role in their ecosystem as they help to maintain the health of the forests by clearing vegetation and dispersing seeds through their dung.

Who are Indian Elephants?

Indian Elephants are a subspecies of elephant that is native to the Indian subcontinent. The Indian Elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia, and it is slightly smaller than its African counterpart. Indian Elephants are characterized by their large, round ears and long, curved tusks. They are also notable for their trunk, which is able to curl up into a tight coil and be used for various tasks, such as picking up objects and spraying water. Indian Elephants are social animals that live in herds of up to 30 individuals. They are herbivores that spend most of their time grazing on grasses and foliage. Indian Elephants are endangered due to habitat loss and poaching. Although they are protected by law, their numbers continue to decline.

Difference between African and Indian Elephants

African and Indian elephants are the two largest living land animals. African elephants are significantly larger than Indian elephants, weighing in at an average of 6,000 kg compared to the latter’s 2,000 kg. African elephants also have much larger ears, which they use to regulate their body temperature. Indian elephants, on the other hand, have a more barrel-shaped body and smaller ears. African elephants are found across the continent of Africa, while Indian elephants are predominantly found in India and Sri Lanka. Both African and Indian elephants are intelligent animals and have been known to use tools. African elephants are threatened by habitat loss and poaching, while Indian elephants are endangered due to habitat loss, fragmentation, and conflict with humans.


The African elephant is the largest living land animal on Earth, while the Indian elephant is second in size. They both have two ivory tusks, but those of the African elephant is generally larger. Their skin color also differs; the African elephant has a light brown to gray hide, while the Indian elephant has a more reddish brown skin. These differences are due to their geographic location and climate.

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