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Difference between Acid and Base

Difference between Acid and Base

In chemistry, an acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a proton (H+), while a base is a molecule or ion capable of accepting a proton. When dissolved in water, acids form hydrogen ions (H+), and bases form hydroxide ions (OH-). In this post, we’ll take a closer look at the difference between acids and bases. Read on to learn more.

What is Acid?

Acid is a chemical substance with a sour taste. It is corrosive and can cause burning sensations. Acid can be found in nature, but it is also produced synthetically. The most common type of acid is hydrochloric acid, which is found in the stomach. Other types of the acid include sulfuric acid and nitric acid. Acids are used in many industries, such as manufacturing, mining, and agriculture. They are also used in cleaning products and as food additives. Acids can be dangerous if they are not used properly, and they must be handled with care.

What is Base?

The base is a term used in chemistry to describe a substance that can neutralize an acid. A base can also be thought of as a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions in a solution. When an acid and base are combined, they undergo a chemical reaction known as neutralization, which results in the formation of water and salt. There are a variety of bases that can be used in chemistry, including metals, oxides, and hydroxides. In addition, some bases, such as ammonia, have the ability to act as both an acid and a base.

Difference between Acid and Base

All matter is either an acid or a base. An acid is a compound that produces hydrogen ions in water. A base is a compound that produces hydroxide ions in water. The strength of an acid or base is measured by its pH. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. A pH of 7 is neutral, a pH less than 7 is acidic, and a pH greater than 7 is basic. Acidic substances have a sour taste, change litmus paper to red, and react with bases to form salts. Bases have a bitter taste, change litmus paper to blue, and react with acids to form salts. Salts are formed when an acid and base neutralize each other.


In order to understand acids and bases, it is important to first know what pH is. pH is a measure of how acidic or basic a substance is on a scale from 0-to 14. A pH of 7 is neutral, while anything below 7 is acidic and anything above 7 is basic. Acids have a pH below 7, while bases have a pH above 7. Now that we’ve gone over the basics, let’s take a closer look at acids and bases. The main difference between an acid and a base is that an acid will donate protons (hydrogen ions) whereas a base will accept protons.

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