There are many differences between Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis, the two most notable being their views on slavery. While Lincoln was an abolitionist who believed that all men are created equal, Davis was a supporter of the institution of slavery. Additionally, Lincoln was a member of the Republican Party, while Davis was a Democrat. Their paths to the presidency were also different; Lincoln won the election in 1860 as a result of his stance against slavery, while Davis lost his bid for the Confederate presidency in 1864.
Who is Abraham Lincoln?
- Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War, its bloodiest war, and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. He preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy.
- Born in Hodgenville, Kentucky, Lincoln grew up on the western frontier in a poor family. Self-educated, he became a lawyer in Illinois, a Whig Party leader, and was elected to the state legislature in 1834. As a congressman from Illinois and running for president in 1860, he opposed the expansion of slavery into the territories.
- The split in the Democratic Party over the choice of a candidate for president gave Abraham Lincoln and his running mate Andrew Johnson enough electoral votes to win Abraham Lincoln’s campaign promises to end slavery. His Gettysburg Address became an iconic call for nationalism, republicanism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy.
Who is Jefferson Davis?
- Jefferson Davis was an American politician who served as the President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history, from 1861 to 1865. Prior to that, he was the United States Secretary of War under President Franklin Pierce. Originally from Kentucky, Davis moved to Mississippi in 1810 to start a plantation. He became increasingly involved in politics and was elected to the House of Representatives in 1845.
- He resigned his seat in 1846 to join the Mexican-American War, where he served with distinction. After the war, he returned to Congress and eventually became the Senate’s Democratic leader. In 1860, Davis supported secession after Abraham Lincoln was elected president, but negotiations between the North and South broke down and civil war erupted.
- As president of the Confederacy, Davis struggled to gain foreign recognition and raise money to fund the war effort. The Confederacy ultimately surrendered in 1865, and Davis was arrested and imprisoned. Following his release, he lived quietly on his estate until his death in 1889. Jefferson Davis remains a controversial figure in American history, revered by some as a courageous leader and vilified by others as a traitor.
Difference between Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis
- Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis were two very different men who found themselves on opposite sides of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky to a family of modest means. He had little formal education, but he was a gifted speaker and possessed a sharp wit. He began his political career as a member of the Whig Party but later joined the newly formed Republican Party.
- He was elected president in 1860 and is best remembered for his leadership during the Civil War. Jefferson Davis, on the other hand, was born into a wealthy family in Mississippi. He attended West Point and served as a military officer in both the Mexican-American War and the Seminole Wars. He later served as a Senator from Mississippi and as Secretary of War under President Franklin Pierce.
- When the Civil War broke out, he was appointed President of the Confederate States of America. Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis were two very different men, but they both played an important role in the history of their respective countries.
In conclusion, Abraham Lincoln was more effective as a leader, and his strategies resulted in Union victory. Jefferson Davis lacked the same leadership skills and failed to unite the Confederate States.