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Difference between Abacus and Computer

Difference between Abacus and Computer

The abacus and the computer are two very different tools, but they both have their own unique benefits. An abacus is an ancient tool that has been used for centuries to help people with math problems. The computer is a more modern invention that has many different applications. Both tools have their pros and cons, and it is up to you to decide which one is right for you.

What is Abacus?

Abacus is an ancient tool that was used for calculation. It consists of a frame with a certain number of beads on each row. The number of beads on each row corresponds to a certain digit in the decimal system. In order to perform a calculation, the beads are moved around according to specific rules.

The abacus is still used in some parts of the world, particularly in East Asia, as it is considered to be faster and more efficient than using modern calculators. It is also used as a tool for teaching basic arithmetic. Abacus training is said to improve memory, concentration, and problem-solving skills. It has even been shown to improve cognitive function in people with dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

What is Computer?

Computer tool calculation is the process of using a computer to perform mathematical calculations. This can be done using a variety of methods, including software programs designed specifically for this purpose, or by using general-purpose software such as spreadsheets or word processors. Computer tool calculation can be used for a wide range of applications, from simple arithmetic to complex statistical analysis. It is an essential tool in many fields, such as engineering, finance, and science. With the advent of powerful computers and sophisticated software, the possibilities for computer tool calculation are virtually limitless.

Difference between Abacus and Computer

  • Abacus is an ancient calculating tool while the computer is a machine that can perform complex calculations at high speed. Abacus consists of a frame with rods on which beads are strung. The beads are moved up or down the rods to perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
  • Computers, on the other hand, use a binary system to store data and carry out calculations. In a binary system, there are only two possibilities: 0 and 1. This system is used because it is easy for computers to understand and process. Abacus is still used in some parts of the world, particularly in Asia, while computers have become ubiquitous. Abacus is a simple and straightforward tool that does not require electricity or batteries to operate.
  • It is also very portable. However, it is limited in its capacity and speed. Computers, on the other hand, can perform a wide range of tasks at lightning-fast speeds. They can also store large amounts of data. As a result, computers have replaced abacus in most parts of the world.


The abacus is still in use today, though it has been replaced by the computer for many mathematical operations. However, there are some things that the abacus can do that a computer cannot. For example, an abacus can be used to calculate square roots and other complex problems, which a computer cannot do. So while the computer may be faster for certain tasks, the abacus is still valuable for its ability to perform more complicated calculations.

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