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Difference between 7.62 NATO and .308 Winchester

Difference between 7.62 NATO and .308 Winchester

The 7.62 NATO and .308 Winchester rounds are very similar, but there are some distinct differences between the two. The 7.62 NATO round is military ammunition, while the .308 Winchester is a commercial round. The 7.62 NATO is also a little bit longer than the .308 Winchester, and it has a higher muzzle velocity. While both rounds are excellent for hunting and target shooting, the .308 Winchester is more popular among hunters because of its lower recoil and flatter trajectory.

What is 7.62 NATO?

7.62 NATO is a 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge designed to be used in rifles that chamber the .308 Winchester cartridge. 7.62 NATO was formally adopted as the standard cartridge by NATO in October of 1980. 7.62 NATO is very similar to .308 Winchester, but there are a few key differences. 7.62 NATO has a slightly higher pressure rating than .308 Winchester, which means that it can generate more power. 7.62 NATO also has a thicker brass case, which helps to prevent case stretching and improve durability. As a result of these differences, 7.62 NATO is typically used in military applications where reliability and performance are critical.

What is .308 Winchester?

.308 Winchester is a cartridge that was introduced by Winchester Repeating Arms Company in 1952. It was designed to be a high-powered, long-range round that could be used in both hunting and military applications. .308 Winchester quickly gained popularity due to its versatility and accuracy, and it continues to be one of the most popular cartridges on the market today. .308 Winchester is typically loaded with a 150-grain bullet, and it has a muzzle velocity of around 2,700 feet per second.

Thanks to its expanding bullet design, .308 Winchester is effective for hunting medium to large game animals such as deer, elk, and moose. It is also a popular choice for long-range target shooting and tactical applications. .308 Winchester is a versatile cartridge that can be used for a variety of purposes, making it one of the most popular choices among shooters today.

Difference between 7.62 NATO and .308 Winchester

  • 7.62 NATO and .308 Winchester are two popular types of ammunition that are often used for hunting and target shooting. While they may appear to be the same, there are actually some important differences between these two types of ammo.
  • 7.62 NATO is a military-grade round that is designed for use in assault rifles and machine guns. It is also known for its high accuracy and reliability. .308 Winchester, on the other hand, is a civilian-grade round that is typically used for hunting.
  • It has a slightly higher muzzle velocity than 7.62 NATO, but it is not as accurate or reliable. Ultimately, the choice of which type of ammunition to use depends on the intended purpose. For hunting or target shooting, .308 Winchester is generally the better option, while 7.62 NATO is preferable for military applications.


Although the two rounds are similar, there are a few key differences that can impact your shooting experience. For example, the NATO round is typically loaded with a heavier projectile than the .308 Winchester. This can result in greater recoil and muzzle rise when firing. In addition, NATO rounds often have a higher velocity than their .308 counterparts. If you’re looking for a cartridge that delivers more stopping power at long distances, the 7.62 NATO may be a better choice for you. However, if you’re looking for something with less recoil and more accuracy at shorter ranges, then the .308 Winchester is probably a better fit.

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